The Exploration of the Northwest Passage and Roald Amundsen
- a seminar in connection with the opening of the Gjøa Building
The Fram Museum, 12 June 2013
The Veritas Auditorium
08.15 – 09.00 Registration and coffee
09.00 – 09.10 Welcome by Geir O. Kløver, Director at the Fram Museum
09.10 – 10.00 Early exploration of the Northwest Passage
Dr. Olav Orheim
10.00 – 11.00 Cold case: The disappearance of Sir John Franklin's last arctic expedition (1845) and
the protracted search for answers. Franklin and the Search Expeditions.
Dr. William Barr
11.00 – 12.00 Lunch
12.00 - 13.00 The unpublished diaries from the Gjøa Expedition
Geir O. Kløver
13.00 – 13.30 The Amundsen Netsilik collection from Gjøahavn
Dr. Tom Svensson
13.30 - 13.50 Coffee break
13.50 - 14.20 The importance of Amundsen’s 1903-06 magnetic field observations to solar-terrestrial
Dr. Alv Egeland
14.20 – 14:50 The Gjøa 1906 – 2010
14.50 – 15.20 Gjoa Haven today
15.30 Official opening of the Gjøa Building
To participate, register with firstname.lastname@example.org. Participation fee: NOK 500 (including lunch). There is a limited number of 100 delegates at the seminar. All participants are welcome to take part in the opening of the Gjøa Building (from 15.30 to 18.00).
Olav Orheim was born in Bergen in 1942. He acquired his PhD in glaciology at Ohio State University in 1972 and has thereafter had a life-long career in polar science, management and diplomacy. He was adjunct professor in glaciology at the University of Bergen from 1989 to 2005, managing director of the Norwegian Polar Institute 1993 to 2005, and administered polar research at the Research Council of Norway from 2005 to 2012. In 2003 he led the Norwegian government’s only public investigation into Arctic developments and policies.
Dr. Orheim has held leadership positions in all international polar research organizations, has written one book, numerous book chapters and about 80 research publications on glacier mass balance and climate, ice dynamics, icebergs, remote sensing, and politics and history of the Polar Regions. His most recent book chapter is in Antarctica – global science from a frozen continent (ed. DWH Walton, Cambridge University Press, April 2013) titled Managing the frozen commons and discusses Antarctic politics. He lectures extensively on polar history. Dr. Orheim was the initiator of the Norwegian Glacier Museum in Fjærland and the visitor’s centre Polaria in Tromsø. He was awarded the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav in 2007, and L'Ordre de Saint-Charles of Monaco in 2012. He lives in Oslo, Norway.
With degrees from the University of Aberdeen and McGill University, William Barr is a Professor Emeritus, University of Saskatchewan and a Senior Research Associate, Arctic Institute of North America, University of Calgary. He taught for 31 years in the Department of Geography, University of Saskatchewan. A glacial geomorphologist by training, with field experience in Nouveau Québec and on Devon Island, Nunavut, for the past 40 years his main research focus has been the history of exploration of the polar regions. He has published 20 books, including translations from French, German and Russian, and over 100 articles, in addition to numerous translations of articles. The most recent of his books include: Arctic scientist: Gulag survivor. The biography of Mikhail Mikhailovich Ermolaev 1905-1991 (Calgary: Arctic Institute of North America and University of Calgary Press, 2009), Joseph-Elzéar Bernier. Champion of Canadian Arctic sovereignty (Montreal: Baraka Books, 2009), Arctic hell-ship. The voyage of H.M.S. Enterprise, 1850-1855 (Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 2007), Red serge and polar bear pants. The biography of Harry Stallworthy R.C.M.P. (Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 2004). In 2006 he received a Clio Lifetime Achievement Award for his contribution to the historiography of the Canadian North from the Canadian Historical Association. He lives in Calgary, Alberta.
Geir O. Kløver
Geir has been the director of the Fram Museum since 2005. Since then, the museum has undergone a total renovation and modernisation process and stands today as an exciting new museum with attractions for both young and old. It is one of the most visited museums in Norway and ranked as the no. 1 museum in Oslo on www.tripadvisor.com and has received the International Award at the British Museum and Heritage Awards 2013.
Geir has edited 15 books and catalogues on Norwegian polar expeditions, including the personal diaries of the crew members on Roald Amundsen´s expedition to the South Pole 1910-12 (2011). He is currently working on the diaries from the Gjøa Expedition, to be published in 2013.
From 1997 to 2005, Geir worked as the project director of Worldview Rights, a Norwegian human rights NGO, and senior consultant in Norwegian Church Aid, providing media and communication support to Nobel Peace Price laureates. Geir worked primarily on projects related to Tibet, Burma, East Timor, the Korean Peninsula, Iran, Nigeria and the AIDS issue. The work included coordination of large concerts in Thailand, Brazil, South Africa, India, South Korea and Norway, production of television documentaries on the above issues, political lobbying, clandestine radio transmissions on short wave, and a range of events. Geir is a former board member and chairman of Voice of Tibet.
Tom G. Svensson
Tom G. Svensson is professor emeritus in Social Anthropology at the University of Oslo. Born in Stockholm in 1934, he has studied at several universities, mainly at the University of Stockholm, where he completed his PhD in 1973. He moved to Oslo in 1970 assuming a junior position at the Ethnographic Museum, University of Oslo, where he worked until his retirement in 2004. His primary interest relates to ethnicity, political and legal anthropology, and material culture, mainly aesthetic manifestations, all connected to indigenous settings. He has published extensively in all of these fields. His main publications are: Ethnicity and Mobilization in Sami Politics, Stockholm, 1976, Asa Kitok och hennes döttrar – en studie om samisk rotslöjd, 1985; and The Sami and Their Land, The Sami vs. the Swedish Court: A Study of the Legal Struggle for Improved Land Rights: the Taxed Mountains Case, Oslo, 1997.
Alv Egeland graduated in science at the University of Oslo, in 1959 and took his PhD in space physics at the University of Stockholm in 1963. He became professor of space physics at the University of Oslo in 1973 and is member of The Norwegian Academy of Sciences and Letters since 1981, The Norwegian Physical and Geophysical Society since 1967, The New York Academy of Science, American Geophysical Union since 1965, International Astronauticæ Academiæ Electum Esse since 1995, and The Royal Astronomical Academy, London, since 1999.
Professor Egeland has made research in space physics for more than 40 years in Norway, Sweden, USA, Canada and Japan. In the last twenty years he has concentrated mainly on ground, rocket and satellite aided auroral studies. Egeland has published more than 150 items linked to aurora and the polar ionosphere. He is author or co-author of twenty books and editor or co-editor of seven. He is member of several national and international councils and committees. The work presented in the talk has been carried out in cooperation with professor C.S. Deehr, University of Alaska Fairbanks.
Espen Wæhle is Acting Director of the Norwegian Maritime Museum in Oslo. He has a degree in Social Anthropology (University of Oslo), based on field research among the Efe (Pygmies), Democratic Republic of Congo. Wæhle has worked in ethnographic museums since 1981, first as a guide and student assistant and from 1991 as Head of education and communication at the Etnographic Museum, Oslo. From 1995 he was deputy director and at times director of the museum. Wæhle was for nine years Keeper of the Ethnographic Collections of the National Museum of Denmark. For 33 years he was Board member of the International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs, and Chair from 2005. His publications range from articles on African hunter-gatherers to museum studies. Since 1996 he has published on the role of Scandinavians in the colonization of the Congo Free State and the early years of Belgian Congo. A travelling exhibition to five Nordic venues was accompanied with the publication Traces of Congo, co-authored with Peter Tygesen. Working with the University of Bergen at the project Norwegian colonialists? Forgotten histories from Africa and Oceania resulted in an article in Norwegian, then revised and expanded and forthcoming in English in a volume to be published by Bergh, Oxford: Scandinavian agents and entrepreneurs in the scramble for ethnographica during colonial expansion in the Congo. Wæhle lives at Nesodden, outside Oslo.
Joanni Sallerina has been an educator for the past 28 years and is now working on his Bachelor of Education. He also holds a diploma in Human Services, Therapeutic Recreation. Currently he is the Deputy Mayor of Gjoa Haven, Chairperson of the Qikiqtaq Co-op, Vice-chairperson for the Natilik Heritage Society and member of the Hunters & Trappers Association. Joanni is also a master drum dancer, carver and story teller, having performed at the Norwegian Embassy in Ottawa, the Fram Museum in Oslo and at the Kitikmeot Drum Dance Festivals held across Nunavut. He has been interviewed by renowned newscasters, including Peter Mansbridge of Canada's The National in September 2012. His carvings are displayed in stores and museums across Canada. Joanni has received many community and sports awards throughout his career, but his most distinguished was in 2010 receiving the Nunavut Commissioner's Award for Community Service from the Honorable Edna Elias, Commissioner of Nunavut. Today he is a dedicated father of three and works with the community to inspire and maintain his Inuit cultural identity through drum dancing, hunting and story telling.