Polar Explorers

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Arduino, Cecioni, Pomella, Caratti and Alessandrini

The Italian crew on the Norge:

Ettore Arduino (1890-1928)
Mechanic
Ettore Arduino was born in Verona, Italy. He was a wing lieutenant in the military engineer corps. He became an airship engineer and participated in bombing raids during the war with Austria. He continued at the Factory for aeronautical building after the war.

In 1926 he participated on the Amundsen-Ellsworth-Nobile Transpolar Flight the whole way from Roma – London – Leningrad – Vadsø – Svalbard – Nordpolen – Teller.

He was chief engineer with responsibility for the engines on Umberto Nobile's airship Italia in 1928 and he died when the airship crashed and he disappeared with the envelope after the gondola was torn off on the ice. Just before they disappeared he managed to throw out necessary equipment to the others on the ice. The Aero Club in Verona was dedicated to his memory.

Natale Cecioni (1888-1960)
Chief mechanic on the Norge
Natale Cecioni was born in Vaglia, Italy. He was mechanic on both the Norge and the Italia and he survived the Italia's crash in 1928 despite being thrown out on to the ice and breaking both legs badly.

Vicenzo Pomella (1896-1928)
Mechanic
Vicenzo Pomella was born in St. Elias Fiumerapido, Italy and went to school there. He became a carpenter apprentice at Cocorocchia Angelo, which was a school for developing humane and social qualities. At 13 years of age he moved to one of his nine siblings in Rome where he started work in engineering workshops.

During World War I (1915-18) he was at the Aeronautical Engineers in Torino, where he could attend mechanics courses for airships.

On 9 August 1918 he was one of the crew on Fulco Ruffo di Calabria's and Gabriele D'Annunzio's flight to Vienna, Austria. After that he worked at Stabilimento Costruzioni Aeronautiche di Roma where he was noticed by general Umberto Nobile who wanted him for his squadron.

In 1926 he participated on the airship Norge, and in 1928 on Nobile's expedition with the airship Italia. When this crashed he was thrown out on to the ice and died of severe head injuries. (http://www.comune.santeliafiumerapido.fr.it/index%20citt/aree/Personaggi%20storici/4.Vincenzo%20Pomella/Vincenzo%20Pomella.htm)

Attilio Caratti (1895-1928)
Mechanic
Attilio Caratti was born in Rovato, Italy 6 May 1895. After World War I finished he returned to Rovato. After his father died he worked at the family workshop with his brothers.

In 1926 he participated as mechanic on the airship Norge and in 1928 on the Italia with general Umberto Nobile. He disappeared with the envelope after the gondola was torn off on the ice.

His brother apparently helped to design the airship Norge and his family to finance a memorial by Tina Zucculi in Ny-Ålesund.

Renato Alessandrini (1890-1928)
Rigger
Alessandrini was a rigger on the airships Norge and Italia and he died when the Italia crashed and he disappeared with the envelope after the gondola was torn off on the ice.

"Victory awaits him, who has everything in order - luck we call it.  Defeat is definitely due for him, who has neglected to take the necessary precautions - bad luck we call it"

Roald Amundsen

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